Documentary History of American Water-works

Introduction Historical Background Chronology Geography Biography Technology Ownership and Financing General Bibliography
New England States Maine Rockland

Rockland, Maine

Rockland was first settled abut 1769.

The Rockland Water Company was incorporated in 1850 by Knott Crockett, Henry O. Lowell, Charles Holmes, Nathan A. Farwell, James O. L. Foster, John T. Berry, Rufus T. Slocomb, Ephraim Hall, Hiram E. Berry, Larkin Snow, Joseph Hewett, Charles Crockett, Sela E. Dennis, John G. Lovejoy, John Wakefield, Alfred H. Kimball, Charles A. Macomber, Francis Cobb, Ephraim Barret and Benjamin N. Lothrop "for the purpose of conveying to the village of Rockland, a supply of pure water for domestic purposes, including a sufficient quantity for the extinguishment of fires and the supply of the shipping in the harbor of Rockland."  This company built a gravity system that began service in November, 1851 using cement-lined wrought-iron pipe manufactured by J. Ball & Co., which took $4000 of the company stock as partial payment.  A Holly water-driven pump was added in 1869 that allowed water to be pumped directly into the mains.

The Artesian Water Company was incorporated in 1880 by Davis Tillson, Amos F. Crockett, Thomas W. Hix, Jr., Michael A. Achorn, William S. White. George W. Kimball, Jr., and William H. Glover "for the purpose of supplying the inhabitants of the city of Rockland and adjoining towns with pure water for domestic and municipal purposes, the extinguishment of fires, the supply of shipping, and the use of manufactures."  The company's name was changed in 1885 to the Camden and Rockland Water Company and the service territory expanded to include Camden, Thomaston, and South Thomaston.  This new company obtained a contract from the town of Camden and constructed a system, but the Rockland Water Company filed suit against them for infringing on their franchise rights.  The court decided against them, ruling that their franchise was not exclusive.  The two companies merged in 1895.

The Consumers Water  Company purchased  the  Camden and Rockland  Water  Company  in  1959  and  retained  its name until 1993, when the two other existing water companies  in  Maine  merged with them to  form the Consumers  Maine  Water Company.   Philadelphia  Suburban  Corporation about Consumers Maine in 1999, which was renamed Aqua Maine.   This in turn was sold to Maine Water in 2011.

Water is provided by Maine Water.


References
1850 An act to supply the people of Rockland with pure water.  August 20, 1850.

1861 An act additional to and amendatory of an act to supply the people of Rockland with pure water, passed August twenty-second, eighteen hundred and fifty.  March 14, 1861.

1865 History of Thomaston, Rockland, and South Thomaston, Maine: From Their First Exploration, A. D. 1605; with Family Genealogies, Volume 2, by Cyrus Eaton
Pages 6-7: The Rockland Water Company was created by an Act passed August 20, 1850, with power to construct an aqueduct from Chikawauka Lake into and through the village of Rockland, to regulate the use; distribution, and prices of said water, and to hold real and personal estate not exceeding $75,000; on condition, however,'that at the end of ten years, on the refunding all the expenditures and ten per cent. in addition, the town, at its option, was to have the right to take and control all the property and privileges, of said corporation. A preliminary survey by R. T. Slocomb, and estimate of cost was made; and the subscriptions to the stock, by exertions of Jere. Berry, and others, soon amounted to within $4000 of the sum required. This balance was taken by the New York firm of Ball & Co., in part payment for a supply of their newly invented Indestructible Water-pipe, of which it was computed that 30,898 feet would be required, from one to nine inches bore. The company was, in February, 1851, duly organized by choice of I. K. Kimball, president, C. Holmes, treasurer, and C. L. Lowell, clerk. Mr. Ball contracted to excavate the trenches,-six miles, for $4000, and, all over that distance, for $1 a rod. This was completed, and the Chikawauka water reached the city, through its subterranean channel, by the middle of November. The $30,000 stock being thus expended, a further subscription of $10,000 was obtained; and, in October, 1852, the directors reported that 14 miles of pipe had been laid, 225 rods of which, on account of deep cutting and rock, had been subjected to an extra expenditure of $5000, that the whole cost amounted to $46,000, that the number of takers was 400, and rapidly increasing, at $6 per family, and that, from the first nine month's profits, a dividend of four per cent. had been declared. McLain's mill at the outlet of the lake was purchased, and in 1855 rebuilt, at a cost of $10,185; and the whole expenditure of the company up to 1855, at which time Wm. A. Farnsworth was president and M. Sumner secretary and treasurer, amounted to $67,411; capital stock, increased by that year's dividend, $55,000, leaving a debt of $11,821. Continuing to apply its income to the reduction of the company's debt, and paying off the dividends by new certificates of stock, the latter was increased to over $70,00. The stockholders becoming impatient of slow returns, in the spring of 1857 the rates were raised to $10 per family. This gave great dissatisfaction, which continued till the rates were reduced in the following August.

1880 An act to incorporate the Artesian Water Company.  February 16, 1880.

1882 Rockland, Engineering News 9:143 (May 6, 1882)

1885 An Act to amend chapter two hundred and twelve of the private and special laws of the year eighteen hundred and eighty, entitled "An Act to incorporate the Artesian
Water Company."
  March 4, 1885.  Name changed to Camden and and Rockland Water Company and purpose modified to read "for the purpose of conveying to and supplying the towns of Camden, Thomaston and South Thomaston, and the city of Rockland, with pure water for domestic and municipal purposes, the extinguishment of fires, supplying of shipping and uses of manufactories."

1887 An Act additional to and amendatory of chapter five hundred and twenty-two of the Private and Special Laws of eighteen hundred and eighty-five, relating to the Camden and Rockland Water Company.  February 17, 1887.

1888 The Rockland Water Company, in equity, vs. The Camden and Rockland Water Company, 80 Me. 544, November 3, 1888, Supreme Judicial Court of Maine

1888 "Rockland, Camden, and Thomaston," from Manual of American Water Works, Volume 1.

1890 "Rockland, Camden, and Thomaston," from Manual of American Water Works, Volume 2.

1891 "Rockland, Candem, and Thomaston," from Manual of American Water Works, Volume 3.

1893 An act to amend Chapter one hundred and seven of the Private and Special Laws of eighteen hundred and eighty-seven, entitled," An act additional to and amendatory of Chapter five hundred and twenty-two of the Private and Special Laws of eighteen hundred and eighty-five, relating to the Camden and Rockland Water Company."  January 19, 1893.

1897 "Rockland, Camden, and Thomaston," from Manual of American Water Works, Volume 4.

1913 An Act to Amend the Charter of the Camden and Rockland Water Company.  March 25, 1913.

2011 "Local Water Company to be bought," The Courier-Gazette The Rockland Herald, July 27, 2011.
West Rockport A Connecticut water company has reached an agreement to buy the water company that serves most of Knox County.  Connecticut Water Service Inc. announced July 27 that it has reached an agreement to purchase Aqua Maine Inc.





2016 Morris A. Pierce